Steps For Naturalization After Becoming A Permanent Resident

Once you become a permanent resident, knowing the steps toward U.S. citizenship is essential. Becoming a U.S. naturalized citizen affords numerous benefits and opportunities. You can have the ability to vote, access government services and benefits, and protect yourself from deportation. You may also be eligible for specific jobs and educational opportunities.

If these things sound appealing, read about how to become a naturalized U.S. citizen. This article will explore the naturalization process and what you need to obtain after becoming a U.S. citizen.

Discover How You Can Get Naturalized If You Are A Permanent Resident Of The U.S.

Understanding Permanent Residency

Permanent residency is the legal status of individuals to live and work in the country permanently. They can stay in the United States even though they are not citizens. Being permanent residents comes with rights and obligations. They may enjoy many of the same rights as citizens, such as healthcare, education, and social benefits.

Naturalized citizenship and lawful permanent residency (LPR) differ in their limitations. While permanent residence grants you the right to live and work in America indefinitely, it does have regulations. One example is the lack of political rights. Permanent residents cannot vote in elections or hold public office. It means they cannot participate in the democratic processes that citizens can engage in.

Another limitation is the potential for revocation. The government may revoke a permanent residency under certain circumstances. These include committing severe crimes and engaging in activities that threaten national security. Meeting specific eligibility requirements is crucial to apply and become a citizen of the country. 

These requirements may include a minimum period of residence, language proficiency, and passing civic and language tests. To determine your eligibility for this provision, you should consult an immigration attorney. They can guide you with the requirements and criteria for eligibility. 

Determining Your Naturalization Eligibility

To become eligible and obtain citizenship, you must meet several requirements, including:

  • You must reside in the country as a permanent resident for a specific duration without long absences.
  • You must be physically present in the United States for a designated period, usually 30 months within the previous five years.
  • You must have an excellent moral character. Follow the rules and laws, and have a law-abiding lifestyle.
  • You must show ability to read, write, speak, and understand English.
  • You must pass a civics test about United States history, government structure, and civic principles.

There are numerous resources available, including study materials and practice tests. The USCIS provides this to help applicants adequately prepare for the civic and English language tests. By understanding your eligibility, you can proactively work towards meeting these requirements and be ready for your application.

Preparing For Your Application

Preparing to apply for citizenship can seem intimidating, but it doesn’t have to be. Before starting the application process, complete all the required documents and evidence. It may include your green card, passport, marital history, employment history, tax returns, and criminal records (if any). 

Having all of these documents in advance will ensure a smooth application experience. The Form N-400, or Application for Naturalization, is a crucial document that records your personal information and immigration history. You can fill out Form N-400 manually or online through the USCIS website. 

Ensure you accurately fill out the form and provide all the correct information. You must pay the application fee once you have completed Form N-400. The USCIS offers a fee waiver for those who cannot pay. Make sure you submit your payment with your application to avoid any delay.

Your supporting documents, such as your passport, birth certificate, or marriage certificate, must be assembled and submitted alongside your application. Make sure to have multiple copies of your supporting documents if you have to offer them.

You must pass an English language and civics test during the interview. The USCIS website provides study materials and guidelines to help you prepare for both tests. Additionally, they will ask you about your application, background, employment, and personal history during the interview, so prepare accordingly.

While the process may seem overwhelming initially, it can be straightforward with careful preparation and legal guidance. After this, you can submit your application to the USCIS for review.

Submitting The Form & Documents

The submission process is crucial in the application process, as the relevant authorities will review your application. During this, it is essential to ensure that you compile and organize your application package properly.

You must prepare the necessary forms, supporting documentation, and other materials. It’s better to double-check the application checklist to ensure everything is in order. Once you are satisfied with your application package, you can submit it.

What Forms To Submit?

To submit your application package, you must prepare both physical copies and online submissions, depending on the specific requirements. Start by completing all the necessary forms accurately and thoroughly. Review the instructions for each form to avoid any mistakes or omissions.

After that, gather all the supporting documents, such as identification documents, proof of address, and others. You may base the requirements on the application guidelines. Organize them logically to make it easy for the USCIS to review your application. 

Once everything is ready, follow their instructions to submit the physical copies and complete the online submission, if applicable.

How To Pay The Biometrics Fee?

You may need to pay a biometrics fee as part of the application process. It covers the cost of fingerprinting and other security checks. You will commonly receive instructions to use an acceptable payment method, such as online banking or a credit card. 

Ensure you follow the instructions and retain the proof of payment for future reference. If you have any questions or difficulties with the payment process, contact the USCIS or consult a lawyer.

What Happens After Submitting The Application?

Once you have submitted your application, it will enter the review phase. The processing time can vary depending on numerous factors, such as the complexity of your case or the current workload of the USCIS.

During this time, patience is essential as you await a decision. Sometimes, the USICS will request to provide additional information or attend an interview. Respond promptly to requests for more details to ensure timely application processing. 

While waiting, it is advisable to monitor the progress of your application through the provided online portal. You may also contact the USCIS for updates. After they make a decision, they will notify you of the outcome and instructions for the interview.

Attending The Interview & Tests

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The interview process is an essential part of the application process. It allows the authorities to review your application and evaluate your eligibility for citizenship. The interview will usually take place at an immigration office and can last up to an hour.

During the interview, an immigration officer will question you. This assessment will gauge your understanding of the English language, U.S. history, and knowledge of the government’s civic values. The officer will also review your application and assess whether your character and criminal history meet the eligibility criteria.

Preparation is essential to ensure that you are ready for the interview. You may use the handbooks and study guides to understand better the vital topics that authorities may ask.

Moreover, you have to prepare for the civics test. It aims to demonstrate your knowledge of U.S. history, government, and the principles of American democracy. The test includes questions about topics such as the Constitution, the branches of government, and historical events.

You should also review your application, ensuring that you have accurately and honestly answered all questions. Practicing mock interviews to improve your performance during the assessment would be beneficial. If everything goes well, you may receive a notice of approval for citizenship. At this point, you’ll attend the ceremony at an asylum office or court.

Taking The Oath Allegiance

The oath ceremony is the last step in becoming a U.S. citizen. It is a formal event where applicants swear allegiance to the United States. This oath affirms your commitment to uphold the Constitution and obey the laws. During this ceremony, you officially become a U.S. citizen and receive your Certificate of Naturalization. 

Before attending the ceremony, you will receive a notice from the USCIS with the date, time, and location of the ceremony. On the day of the ceremony, you must bring your green card and the notice you received. After taking the oath, it is essential to understand the rights and responsibilities that come with being a U.S. citizen. 

You can vote in elections and obtain a U.S. passport as a citizen. You may also petition your family members to go to the United States. With citizenship also come responsibilities. It includes obeying the law, paying taxes, serving on a jury if called upon, and defending the nation when required.


Becoming a U.S. citizen is essential for permanent residents in the United States. It involves understanding the eligibility requirements, preparing for the civics test, and attending the interview and the oath ceremony. To be naturalized, you can navigate the process and requirements with legal guidance. 

You can successfully become a U.S. citizen after obtaining permanent residency with proper preparation and patience. Take the opportunity to embrace the benefits of being a citizen and make a meaningful contribution to the country.

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