Naturalization – How To Apply For U.S. Citizenship In 10 Steps

To become a U.S. citizen through naturalization is a significant and life-changing journey. You will learn the essential steps to apply for U.S. citizenship in ten comprehensive stages. From determining eligibility to attending the naturalization ceremony, each step plays a pivotal role in achieving your goal.

This article will help you understand the process from Steps 1 to 10 and the benefits of working with an immigration lawyer.

How An Immigrant Can Apply For U.S. Naturalization In 10 Steps

10 Steps To Apply For U.S. Citizenship Through Naturalization

If you are a permanent resident ready to embrace the privileges and responsibilities of citizenship, follow this roadmap. You can do ten steps from your application’s start to the end. Having an immigration lawyer to work with you can streamline the process.

Step 1: Verify If You Already Possess U.S. Citizenship

Verifying your U.S. citizenship before naturalization is prudent to confirm your eligibility, save time, and avoid unnecessary complications in your naturalization journey.

Citizenship can be based on two factors. Firstly, being born in the United States or its territories often makes you a citizen.  Alternatively, if your parents held U.S. citizenship at birth, you could be a citizen, regardless of your birthplace. If these conditions don’t apply, move on to the next step.

Step 2: Determine Your Eligibility

You must ensure you meet the criteria to become a naturalized citizen. Doing so will help you learn about your rights and responsibilities and avoid legal complications. You will know you are eligible when you:

  • A lawful permanent resident for at least five or three years.
  • Demonstrate good moral character.
  • Have not spent 30 months or more outside the United States in the past five years.
  • Have lived in the district or state where you seek citizenship for the past three months.
  • Passed the English and civics tests. 
  • Showed an attachment to the principles and ideals of the U.S. Constitution.

Step 3: Prepare Form N-400

Form N-400 is a document that gathers extensive information about your details, immigration history, and eligibility for naturalization. Completing it is vital, as errors or omissions can lead to delays or denials.

You must ensure all questions are answered truthfully and thoroughly. It means you must disclose any past criminal history, trips abroad, and affiliations. Supporting documentation, such as tax records and evidence of good moral character, should be included.

Step 4: Submit The Form & Pay The Fees

Once your application is complete, you will submit it to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) with the required fee. Form N-400 can be conveniently filed online, and the associated fees can be paid through the digital platform.

After submitting your application, USCIS will promptly issue a receipt notice. The electronic portal lets you easily track your case’s processing times and status. This streamlined electronic process enhances accessibility and transparency, giving applicants real-time updates on their naturalization journey.

Step 5: Proceed To Your Biometrics Appointment If Necessary

When biometrics are necessary for your application, USCIS will send you a formal notice that includes all the essential details. It involves a specific date, time, and location of your appointment. During the meeting, you’ll provide your fingerprints and, if needed, have your photo taken.

This process is a standard part of the application review, ensuring you undergo the necessary security checks and verification procedures. Attending your biometrics appointment as scheduled is essential to prevent any delays in your naturalization process.

Step 6: Attend The Interview

After finalizing all initial procedures related to your case, USCIS will arrange an interview to conclude the process. You must adhere to the date and time specified in the notice and report to the designated USCIS office.

Additionally, ensure you bring the appointment notice with you, as it is essential documentation for the interview. This step is critical for your journey to U.S. citizenship, where your application will be thoroughly reviewed and assessed.

Step 7: Receive The Decision From USCIS Regarding Your Application

After you’ve submitted your N-400 application, USCIS will send you a decision notice. You can also access it online if you file electronically. Here are the possible outcomes:

  • Approval: USCIS may grant your Form N-400 if the evidence in your record establishes your eligibility for naturalization.
  • Continuation: If additional evidence or documentation is needed or you still need to provide the correct documents, USCIS may continue your application for further review. They may also decide to continue your application if you still need to pass the English and civics tests on your initial attempt.
  • Denial: USCIS will reject your application if the evidence on record does not meet the prescribed eligibility criteria for naturalization.

Step 8: Invitation To Partake In The Naturalization Ceremony

If USCIS approves your Form N-400, you might have the opportunity to partake in a same-day naturalization ceremony following your interview. However, in cases where the event is not feasible, USCIS will send you an official notification specifying the date, time, and location. Moreover, for those who submitted their N-400 application online, an electronic notice is also accessible within their application account.

The naturalization ceremony is a significant event, marking the final step in becoming a U.S. citizen. During the ceremony, participants take the Oath of Allegiance, officially pledging their commitment to uphold and support the U.S. Constitution. It’s a proud and patriotic moment for new citizens, symbolizing their integration into the American community.

Step 9: Participate In The Oath Of Allegiance Event

To become a U.S. citizen, you must take the Oath of Allegiance at a ceremony. Participating in it signifies your commitment to upholding the U.S. Constitution principles and marks the official transition into U.S. citizenship.

To reach this stage, you’ll first complete the questionnaire on Form N-445, the Notice of Naturalization Oath Ceremony. Then, you’ll report to the event venue and check in with USCIS officials. They will review your responses on the form, and if everything aligns, you’ll proceed to take the Oath of Allegiance.

You must surrender your Green Card during the ceremony as you recite the oath. You will receive your Certificate of Naturalization upon completion, signifying your new status as a U.S. citizen. Furthermore, it is vital to thoroughly inspect this certificate at the ceremony site and promptly notify USCIS of any discrepancies.

Step 10: Navigating U.S. Citizenship

Becoming a U.S. citizen bestows a range of rights and privileges. They include the ability to vote in federal elections, serve on federal juries, and travel internationally with the protection of a U.S. passport. Another advantage of being a citizen is that you also hold priority when petitioning to bring family members into the country.

Contact Our Experienced Immigration Attorneys To Start Your U.S. Naturalization Journey

You can secure citizenship for your children under 18, provided they were born abroad to a U.S. citizen. Furthermore, citizenship is often a prerequisite for pursuing specific jobs and running for federal offices. Also, it is needed to maintain one’s residency in the United States.

U.S. citizenship is a legal status and a gateway to actively participating in civic life, asserting one’s rights, and availing numerous opportunities. These can contribute to the broader social, political, and educational landscape of the United States. The path to U.S. citizenship can indeed feel daunting. However, with the support of an immigration attorney, it becomes an achievable and confident journey.

Seek The Assistance of An Immigration Lawyer

Getting the assistance of an immigration attorney is a wise and prudent choice. It is because the immigration system is intricate, involving complex laws, regulations, and documentation. An experienced attorney is helpful, as they possess in-depth knowledge of these intricacies. Moreover, they can help you identify the most suitable pathway based on your unique circumstances.

Immigration attorneys also address potential challenges that may arise during the application process. From responding to requests for additional evidence to preparing a comprehensive response, they increase the likelihood of a successful petition. They also offer representation during interviews. If necessary, they can also assist in filing appeals or reapplying in the event of a denial.

As the immigration landscape changes, attorneys provide valuable updates on policy shifts that might impact your case. In essence, partnering with them gives a reassuring guide to ensure the process is as smooth and successful as possible.


Applying for U.S. citizenship through naturalization involves ten pivotal steps that ultimately lead to becoming a U.S. citizen. The process unfolds systematically from the initial stage of verifying existing citizenship, determining eligibility, and preparing Form N-400. Once the application is reviewed and approved, applicants are invited to the naturalization ceremony.

Moreover, partnering with an immigration attorney is prudent throughout this complex process. These experienced professionals provide guidance and ensure eligibility criteria are met. They also address potential challenges, including responding to requests for additional evidence and preparing comprehensive responses. By staying updated on changing policies, these attorneys offer invaluable support to make the journey smoother and more successful.

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